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Acoustic Cell-Sorting Device Holds Promise for Detecting Circulating Tumor Cells
Researchers from MIT, Pennsylvania State University, and Carnegie Mellon University have devised a new way to separate cells by exposing them to tilted sound waves as they flow through a tiny channel. Separating cells with sound offers a gentler alternative to existing cell-sorting technologies, which require tagging the cells with chemicals or exposing them to stronger mechanical forces that may damage them. The dime-sized device holds potential for for detecting extremely rare tumor cells that circulate in cancer patients"?? blood, helping doctors predict whether a tumor is going to spread. To test the device"s usefulness for detecting circulating tumor cells, the researchers tried to separate breast cancer cells known as MCF-7 cells from white blood cells. These two cell types differ in size, density, and compressibility. The microfabricated device successfully recovered about 71 percent of the cancer cells.
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